Egypt vocabulary

Term Definition
Acquire to get (something) : to come to own (something) : to come to have (something). : to gain (a new skill, ability, etc.) usually by your own effort.
Pharaoh political and religious leader of the Egyptian people, holding the titles: 'Lord of the Two Lands' and 'High Priest of Every Temple
Pyramid Egyptian architecture were the dead are buried.
Pyramids and Temples
Hatshepsut brought peace and abundance to Egypt during the New
Kingdom. The Woman Who Was King 1473–1458 BC during Middle Kingdom
Merchant a business person who trades in commodities produced by other people in order to earn a profit.
Papyrus paper made from reeds growing by the Nile River
Agriculture farming and animal rearing, to produce food to feed a civilization
Hieroglyphics Egyptian written language
Book of the Dead a guide to help people reach the afterlife
Trade the act of exchanging one thing for another
Nile River a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa
Mummification All internal organs were removed- except the heart; considered integral to one's afterlife. The mummified body provided a place for a person's ba, or spirit, to return to the body after death.
Imhotep was a vizier, wizard, and the first architect and physician known by name to written history.
Dynasty a line of hereditary rulers of a country.
Lower Egypt Land north on the Nile
Upper Egypt Land south on the Nile
Middle Kingdom 405 years
New Kingdom 481 years

NA Food

Question Answer
Buffalo, grew vegetables (corn, beans, squash, pumpkins) hunted Plains
hunted deer, bear, elk, beaver, fished, planted "3 sisters" of corn, bean, squash Eastern Woodlands
fishing, hunting, and gathering Pacific Northwest
deer, goats, fish, hunting small animals, gather by season (nuts and berries) Great Basin
farming, planted corn, beans, squash, cotton, hunted small animals Southwest

Stack #2641778

Question Answer
Corporate finance the area dealing with monetary decisions that corporate enterprises make.
Managerial finance the area dealing with monetary decisions that all types of companies make, except corporations.
Personal finance individual taking care of their money.
Dividends a small payment to each person who owns a stock of a company.
Liability an obligation, debt or responsibility owed to someone.
Allocate to distribute according to a plan.
Capacity the ability of the borrower to repay the loan.
Capital the money the entrepreneur has personally invested in the business.
Collateral an asset pledged to the lender as a security for the money being borrowed.
Conditions intended purpose of the loan.
Character general impression the entrepreneur makes on the potential lender as to their trustworthiness to repay the loan.
Interest the cost of borrowing money.
Principal the amount of the loan.
Assets the resources from which it expects to gain some future benefit.
Liabilities debts owed.
Net worth how much an entity is worth.
Profit a financial gain.
Cash flow amount of money being transferred into and out of a business.
Sales a quantity or amount sold.
Interest rate – a rate which is charged or paid for the use of money.

Royal Colony of GA From 1752-1776

Question Answer
The First Royal Governor John Reynolds
He left because the heat made him ill Henry Ellis
He was born in the Colonies James Wright
The colony gained population and did well economically under this governor Henry Ellis
He finished the palisades around Savannah James Wright
He was governor for the longest period James Wright
The capital of the colony during the royal colony period Savannah
People who moved to GA colony from VA and NC Crackers
What helped GA to thrive agriculturally Slaves
He set up a bicameral Legislature much like England's parliament Reynolds
The order of the royal governors Reynolds, Ellis, Wright
The purpose of planting mulberry trees Silk worms, and silk
The official port of GA during this period Sunbury
A church and Government center together Parish
The nationality of people at Darien Highland Scots
The nationality of people at Ebenezer Salzburgers
Two forts added to defend GA Fort Fredericka, Fort Augusta
King of England during Royal Period George II
Main reason for change to Royal Period Charter ended
The British people who hated the rules and regulations, especially law against slavery Malcontents
Growing tensions with which two countries during this period France and Spain
Where did Oglethorpe live out his final days? England

Stack #2641869

Question Answer
Fish often eaten as food Herring
Putting together something that’s broken Mend
No violence Pacifism
Mark with a pole Stake
Sharing farmer Sharecropper
Without using body or mind Vegetate
Formal apperence Dignified
Without a care Haphazard
Involoving home or family Domestic
Wrinkled Furrow
A shelter Refuge
Keep under control Restrain
Dishonor Disgrace
Enemy Foe
Notable achievement Exploit

Math vocab

Question Answer
Cube root A number that when multiplied by itself THREE times gives that number
Base The number that is going to be raised to a power (exponent)
Square root A number that when multiplied by itself TWO times gives that number
Irrational number A real number that CAN'T be made by dividing TWO intergers
Rational numbers A number that CAN be multiplied by dividing two intergers
Interger A number with no fractional part
Standard form A number written down in the way most commonly accepted
Exponent Says how many times to use that number in a multiplication sentence

Aerial Apparatus Aerial Apparatus Driver Operator

Question Answer
All aerial apparatus should should meet the design requirements contained in NFPA ______ NFPA 1901 Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus.
What are the five types of aerial devices that IFSTA recognizes? Aerial Ladders Aerial Ladder Platforms Telescoping Aerial Platforms Articulating Aerial Platforms Water Towers
NFPA 1901 classifies aerial devices into what three catagories? Aerial Ladders Elevating Platforms Water Towers
The fully extended height is also referred to as what? Working Height
Aerial ladder height ranges? 50' to 135'
What are the main uses of aerial ladders? Rescue Ventilation Elevated Master Stream Gaining access to upper levels
Who is responsible for the maintenance of aerial apparatus? Driver/operator
How do departments record vehicle maintenance and inspection records? Written forms or computer programs
What does the oil pressure gauge indicate? Adequate oil is being delivered to the engine
What is an ammeter? A gauge that indicates the amount of current being drawn from the battery to operate the electrical equipment or the amount of current being supplied to the battery to charge it
How often is equipment maintence performed? Daily, weekly, periodically and after each use
What is driver reaction distance? The distance traveled while moving the foot from the accelerator to the brake
What directly effects the distance required to stop a vehicle? Speed
What safety item is the first priority by a driver/operator? Safety Belts
What is the result of engine rotation faster than the rated RPM? Injector seizures Valves hitting pistons Increased oil consumption
The engine should be “cruised” at how many RPM’s below recommended RPM? 200-300
The operating temperature of a diesel engine is important: an engine that operates too cool will? Not be efficient
What is the sufficient amount of warm-up time for an apparatus with a diesel engine when NOT responding to an alarm? 3 to 5 minutes
What does the ammeter indicate? The amount of current being drawn from the battery
What do you need to back a vehicle? Need spotters Need audibles Safer to drive around the block
When maneuvering a vehicle around obstructions on a roadway either in forward or reverse what should the driver/operator should consider? Vehicle dimensions
What is the purpose of the confined space turn around exercise? Ensure the driver can turn 180 degrees
Steering the apparatus in a straight line, stopping at a finish line and judging distances from wheel to object are what exercise? Diminishing-clearance
When more than one emergency vehicle is responding, it is recommended that emergency vehicles maintain a vehicle-to-vehicle distance of AT LEAST? 300-500 feet
If a complete stop is not required, the driver/operator should approach and cross blind, well-traveled, intersections at a reduced speed of? 15-20 mph
When positioning the apparatus, it is better to avoid? Backing up
What is the BEST way to apply the brakes when driving on snow or ice? Pump the breaks
Slippery road conditions increase stopping distance by how much? 3 to 15 times
When a driver/operator encounters a motorist who ignores the approaching apparatus or refuses to yield, the BEST action is to Yield the right-of-way to the motorist
Apparatus equipped with air brakes may have a dry road/slippery road brake limiting valve. When the brakes are applied with the limiting valve in the slippery road position, the pressure To the front brakes is less than the pressure applied to the back brakes
What is not a basic concept of defensive driving? Adverse weather
Where is the most likely place for a fire apparatus to be involved in an accident? Intersections
Visual lead time interacts directly with what two things in defensive driving? Reaction times and stopping distances
What is the first element in learning to drive a fire apparatus safely? Driver attitude
Driving safely while responding to an incident is accomplished by using Safe driving techniques
There is typically a wide variety of special systems and equipment commonly mounted on a fire apparatus. Most jurisdictions place the responsibility for operating these systems and equipment with who? Driver/Operator
Who services air filters as needed? Qualified service personnel
How often does a driver/operator check power steering fluid level? Weekly
Batteries produce what type of gas when they are being charged? Hydrogen
How often should the water in the booster tank be changed? Monthly
On what percentage of a grade are new aerial apparatus required to carry their full-rated capacity? 6%
When operating a fire department aerial apparatus on a downgrade, the driver/operator should do what? Select a lower gear before ascending and remain in gear at all times
Where is the hydraulic oil pressure gauge located? Operators control panel
Before the stabilizers on an aerial apparatus can be utilized, power must be transferred from the engine to the hydraulic system, this is done by engaging the vehicle’s PTO
Exceeding the governed, normal operating pressure of the aerial device’s hydraulic system is prevented by the use of Relief valves
One of the important valves in the hydraulic system is the Selector valve
The rated capacity of an aerial platform is the safe carrying capacity in Any position
Lateral unevenness of aerial apparatus is easier to correct than Longitudinal unevenness
Aerial apparatus driver/operators must know what about the wind speed? Wind speed limitations of the aerial device
When operating an aerial apparatus, a force which should be avoided because it imposes stresses several times greater than those applied normally is a Shock load
The safest operation of an aerial device are best achieved with an adequate Training program and practice
When an aerial device is raised and the load applied to the rungs of the ladder are not perpendicular to the rungs this will result in a Lateral forces on the aerial device
What is the result of low atmospheric temperature on the aerial device? Slow overall performance
Failure of the driver/operator of an aerial device to know the limitation of the device when operating on a grade may result in Injury or death to personnel working on or around the apparatus
What device is used to lower the aerial ladder to its bedded position in an emergency situation Emergency lowering valve
In order to prevent over pressurization of the hydraulic system, an aerial apparatus is equipped with hydraulic system Relief valves
What is the purpose of the hold down locks on aerial apparatus? Lock down the ladder in travel mode
Horizontal movements of a ladder pipe in excess of 15 degrees may be achieved by Operation of the turntable
Most ladder pipes should not be operated from an angle greater than 90 degrees
What are a few hazardous conditions that can contribute to skidding or possible rollovers that a driver/operator can avoid? Harsh or abrupt steering action Too much speed in turns Driving on slopes too steep for a particular apparatus
What factors equal the total stopping distance? Reaction time plus vehicle braking distance
What is the procedure for starting an apparatus equipped with a diesel engine and automatic transmission? Be sure the gear selector is in the “park” or “neutral” position, the battery switch is turned to the “both” or “on” position, and turn the ignition key or press the start button to crank the engine
As a general rule, when approaching an intersection, the driver/operator of an emergency vehicle will Slow to a speed that allows a stop if necessary
Are TURNING CHARACTERISTICS critical to performing a 180 degree turn of a fire department apparatus in a confined area? No
Under emergency response conditions, the driver/operator must expect motorists to Neither hear nor see the apparatus warning devices
What is the key to safe driving? Anticipation
What action should a driver/operator take if a fire apparatus with a standard transmission begins to skid to the left on a rain slick road Remove the foot from the accelerator and turn the wheels to the left
Under the current API engine service categories for automatic gasoline engines and commercial diesel engines, what is the use and definition for category CC Used for certain naturally-aspirated, turbocharged, or supercharged diesel engines operated in moderate-to severe-duty service and heavy-duty gasoline engines
The BEST place to start a maintenance inspection of an aerial device is The control pedestal
Leaking oil on the surface over which the wheels or rollers of an aerial ladder section move will cause the wheels or rollers to Slide and wear flat
What does the Fire Equipment Manufacturers Association NOT do? Check for proper levels of all hydraulic fluids and engine oils, obtaining samples to be sent for chemical analysis
A visual inspection of an aerial device is Not adequate
Pressure test all brakes by Operating the foot pedal
It is recommended that footplates be used underneath stabilizers Every time they are deployed
What must the aerial ladder operator do immediately after the ladder is placed into position Engage the ladder lock
What is the device used to transfer the center of gravity of the apparatus and prevent it from tipping as the aerial device is extended away from the centerline of the chassis Stabilizer
The pressure of hydraulic fluid in an aerial device may reach 3500 PSI
All hydraulic systems on aerial devices have an Auxiliary hydraulic pump
In order to operate the stabilizers the selector valve MUST be in the Stabilizer position
Aerial apparatus driver/operator should always be alert for what when operating at the fire scene? Possible heat damage
When operating an aerial apparatus, operators, regardless of skill, should avoid Full speed operating of any aerial movement
In case of engine failure, most aerial ladder turntables are equipped with Secondary manual controls
In case of leaks or blowouts, many new aerial apparatus hoisting cylinders are equipped with An integral safety valve
Because the backward thrust of master streams may cause an excessive side twist to an extended aerial ladder, manufacturers limit the maximum horizontal movement on either side of center to 15 degrees
What is the effect of the backward thrust of master streams on an aerial ladder May cause an excessive side twist to an extended aerial ladder
What is NOT a result of low coolant temperature Weakening of the valve springs


Question Answer
Õîòåòü åñòü Avere fame
Õîòåòü ïèòü Avere sete
Õîòåòü ñïàòü Avere sonno
Òîðîïèòüñÿ Avere fretta
Òåïëî Avere caldo
Õîëîäíî Avere freddo