Chapter 12 Personal Health Care (L1-L2)

Question Answer
Hygiene Cleanliness
Body odor Smell from the body.
Cuticle A fold of epidermis around the fingernails and toenails.
Hangnail A split in the cuticle along the edge of a fingernail.
Ingrown toenail A condition in which the nail pushes into the skin on the side of the toe.
Consumer A person who buys products and services.
Consumer skills Techniques that enable you to make wise, informed purchases.
Advertisement A message designed to influence consumers to buy a product or service.
Media literacy The ability to understand the goals of advertising and the media.
Endorsement A statement of approval.
Infomercial A long television commercial whose main purpose seems to be to present information rather than to sell a product.
Comparison shopping Collecting information, comparing products, evaluating their benefits, and choosing products with the best value.
Generic products Collecting information, comparing products, evaluating their benefits, and choosing products with the best value.
Coupons slips of paper that reduce the price of a product at the check stand
Unit price cost per unit of weight or volume
Guarantee a promise to refund your money if the product doesn’t work as claimed
Warranty A company’s or a store’s written agreement to repair a product or refund your money if the product does not function properly.
Fraud A calculated effort to trick or fool others.
Health fraud The selling of products or services to prevent diseases or cure health problems which have not been scientifically proven safe or effective for such purposes.
Epidermis The outermost layer of skin.
Dermis The skin’s inner layer.
Subcutaneous layer A layer of fat under the skin.
Sunscreen a cream or lotion that filters out some UV rays
Acne Skin condition caused by active oil glands that clog hair follicles.
Pores Tiny openings in the skin that allow perspiration to escape.
Dermatologist A physician who treats skin disorders.
Ultraviolet (UV) rays Invisible form of radiation that can enter skin cells and change their structure.
Melanin Substance that gives skin its color.
Hair follicles Small sacs in the dermis from which hair grows.
Dandruff When too many dead skin cells flake off the outer layer of the scalp.

chapter 7 Industrial revolution

Term Definition
Industrial Revolution
Enclosure movement
Factors of production
Cottage industry
Factory
Industrialization
Jethro Tull
Richard Arkwright
James Watt
Robert Fulton
Labor union
Strike
Mass production
Interchangeable parts
Assembly line
Laissez-faire
Adam Smith
Thomas Malthus
Entrepreneur
Andrew Carnegie
Socialism
Karl Marx
Communism
Standard of living

Making of a Book Vocabulary

Term Definition
painstaking difficult, taking a long time to complete (adj)
exploded grown rapidly in size or number (verb)
submitted presented to a person or group for judging (verb)
negotiations discussions held with the goal of reading an agreement (noun)
collaborate to work with others to make or complete something (verb)
repetitive repeating in an excessive (too often) way (adj)
appealing attractive or interesting (adj)
complement to enhance or improve something (verb)
appropriate correct or well-suited (adj)
impaired having a disability of a certain kind (adj)

HCP102 Reproductive System

Question Answer
cervic/o cervix (neck of uterus)
colp/o vagina
-gravida pregnant
gynec/o woman, female
hyster/o uterus
mast/o breast
orchid/o testicles
ov/o egg, ovum
ovari/o ovary
-para to give birth
-pexy surgical fixation
salping/o uterine (fallopian) tube
test/i testicles, testis
vagin/o vagina
acr/o extremities (hands and feet), top, extreme point
adren/o adrenal gland
crin/o secrete
-dipsia thirst
glyc/o glucose, sugar
gonad/o gonad, sex glands
-ism condition, state of
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid parathyroid glands
pineal/o pineal gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
poly- many
somat/o body
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland

s.s

Term Definition
reservation federal land set aside for Native Americans.
long walk 300 mile march made by Navajo captives to reservation in NM that lead to the deaths of hundreds of navajo.
ghost dance A religious movement among American Indians that spread across the Great Plains in the 1880s.
dawes act legislation passed by congress that spit up Indian Nation land among Indians and promised them citizenship, goal to lesson tribal influence.
Bonanza A large find of precious ore. (gold)
boom town western communities that grew quickly because of mining booms and often disappeared soon after.
transcontinental RR that crossed the continental US connecting the East to the west
Homestead Act law passed by congress to encourage settlement in the west by giving land to small farmers.
exodusters 20,000-40,000 southern African Americans who settled in western western lands in the late 1800s.
vaqueros Mexican cowboys in the west who tended cattle horses
cattle kingdom area of the great plains stretching from texas to canada where many ranchers raised cattle during the late 1800s.

Chapter 10 Steps Toward Independence

Term Definition
MILITARY THE ARMED FORCES
SCHEDULE TO PLAN TO DO SOMETHING ON A CERTAIN DATE
COMMITTEE OF CORRESPONDENCE A LOCAL GROUP FORMED TO SHARE POLITICAL AND MILITARY INFORMATION WITH OTHER COMMUNITIES.
PARLEY A BRIEF TRUCE BETWEEN ENEMIES SO BOTH PARTIES CAN DISCUSS ISSUES.
SIEGE A MILITARY BLOCKADE IF A CITY OR FORTRESS.
ADOPTED TO ACCEPT FORMALLY
TRANSPORT TO CARRY OR MOVE OBJECTS FROM PLACE TO PLACE
VETO TO REJECT A BILL PASSED BY THE LEGISLATURE
CAMPAIGN A MILITARY OPERATION.
ASSIGN TO GIVE A TASK OR JOB TO.
AD INTERIM A LATIN TERM MEANING " FOR THE TIME BETWEEN"
PETITION A FORMAL, WRITTEN REQUEST TO A GOVERNMENT TO TAKE SOME ACTION OR CHANGE A POLICY
COMMUNITY PROPERTY PROPERTY OBTAINED DURING THE COURSE OF THE MARRIAGE.
CANON IN SEPTEMBER 1835, COLONEL DOMINGO DE UGARTECHEA, THE MEXICAN MILITARY COMMANDER OF TEXAS SENT A SMALL GROUP OF SOLDIERS TO RETRIEVE WHAT?
" COME AND TAKE IT" THE TEXANS DECORATED THE FRONT OF THE CANON WITH A WHITE FLAG THAT BORE THE WORDS.. ________ AND ________
TEXAS INDEPENDENCE THE INCIDENT AT GONZALES LAUNCHED A FIGHT FOR WHAT?
COL. JOHN H. MOORE TEXAS COMMANDER IN THE BATTLE OF GONZALES
COL. DOMINGO UGARTECHEA MEXICAN COMMANDER INT HE BATTLE OF GONZALES
OCTOBER 2, 1835 WHEN WAS THE BATTLE OF GONZALES?
A LARGE AMOUNT OF WEAPON AND AMMUNITION WHAT DID THE TEXANS CAPTURED AT GOLIAD.
AUSTIN'S TROOP. ALSO KNOWN AS ARMY OF THE PEOPLE.
LAND WHAT DID THE
FRANCISCA ALVAREZ THE ANGEL OF GOLIAD
APRIL 21, 1836 WHEN WAS THE BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO OCCURED?
GENERAL SAM HOUSTON THE TEXAS COMMANDER IN THE BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO
GENERAL SANTA ANNA MEXICAN COMMANDER INT HE BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO
SIESTA AFTERNOON NAP/ REST
SIESTA WHEN DID THE TEXAS TROOPS SURPRISED THE MEXICAN ARMY?
18 MINUTES HOW MANY MINUTES DID THE BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO LASTED?
TEXAS WHO WON IN THE BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO?
TREATIES OF VELASCO WHAT ENDED THE TEXAS REVOLUTION
SAM HOUSTON WHO IS THE COMMANDER OF THE CONSULTATION
GOVERNMENT MADE UP OF A GOVERNOR, A LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR, AND A GENERAL COUNCIL. WHAT DID THE DELEGATES DECIDED ON HOW THE GOVERNMENT WILL BE COMPOSED OFF?
COUNCIL WOULD INCLUDE ONE REPRESENTATIVE FROM EACH MUNICIPALITY OR LARGE COMMUNITY. WHAT DOES THE COUNCIL NEEDS TO HAVE
STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLE CALLED " DECLARATION OF THE PEOPLE OF TEXAS IN GENERAL CONVENTION ASSEMBLED". IN WHAT DOCUMENT DID THE DELEGATES STATED THAT THEY WERE LOYAL TO MEXICO, DECLARED THEIR SUPPORT OF THE MEXICAN CONSTITUTION OF 1824 AND THEIR DESIRE TO HAVE IT RESTORED.
THAT THE FIGHTING SHOWED THAT TEXAS COULD NO LONGER REMAIN UNDER MEXICO'S RULE. WHAT DID THE MEN OF WAR PARTY BELIEVED IN?
"THE GRASS FIGHT" BURLESON SENT AN INFANTRY UNIT TO CAPTURE COS'S MULE TRAIN, THINKING IT WAS CARRYING SILVER. THE TEXAS INFANTRY WON, BUT FOUND ONLY GRASS. THIS BATTLE WAS KNOWN AS THE _________________.
DESCRIBED THE SIEGE OF BEXAR FOUR DAY BATTLE IN WHICH MILAM'S TROOPS DROVE MEXICAN FORCES TO SURRENDER. TEXAS LOST 2 MEN AND ONLY 21 WOUNDED, 150 MEXICAN WERE KILLED WOUNDED OR CAPTURED.
CAPTAIN JUAN SEGUIN WHO COMMANDED THE MANY TEJANOS SERVE IN THE SCOUTING COMPANY?
HENDRICK ARNOLD AFRICAN AMERICAN THAT SERVED AS A GUIDE TO MAILAM'S COLUMN IN THE FIGHT FOR SAN ANTONIO.
GREENBURY LOGAN ANOTHER FREE AFRICAN AMERICAN, THIRD TEXAN THAT GOT WOUNDED IN SAN ANTONIO. HE SUFFERED A WOUND TO HIS RIGHT ARM THAT CRIPPLED HIM FOR LIFE.
WILLIAM GOYENS HAS A GOOD LONG RELATIONSHIP WITH THE CHEROKEE, THE IMPORTANT PART THAT HE PLAYED WAS HE WOULD OBTAIN A PROMISE FROM THE CHEROKEE NOT TO ATTACK THE TEXANS. WILLIAM GOYENS PLAYED AN IMPORTANT PART IN THE TEXAS REVOLUTION, WHAT WAS IT?
REPUBLIC IS A GOVERNMENT IN WHICH CITIZENS RULE THROUGH ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES.
GEORGE CHILDRESS HE IS ORIGINALLY FROM TENNESSEE, HAD MADE THE MOTION TO WRITE A DECLARATION AND WAS NAMED CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE TO WRITE IT. HISTORIAN GENERALLY AGREES THAT HE WAS THE DECLARATION'S SOLE AUTHOR.
SOLE ONLY
ALLOCATE TO GIVE TO /OR/ ASSIGN TO
THE EXECUTIVE (CHIEF GOVERNING OFFICER), THE LEGISLATIVE ( LAWMAKING BODY) AND THE JUDICIAL (COURTS) THE THREE BRANCHES OF THE GOVERNMENT.
BILL OF RIGHTS GUARANTEED BASIC RIGHTS, INCLUDES FREEDOM OF SPEECH, FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, FREEDOM OF RELIGION, TRIAL BY JURY, AND OTHER BASIC CIVIL RIGHTS, OR GUARANTEED FREEDOMS. THIS HAS ESTABLISHED CIVIL FREEDOM,POLITICAL FREEDOM AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN TEXAS.
HOMESTEAD ACT A CERTAIN PROPERTY COULD NOT BE SEIZED AS PAYMENT FOR DEBTS.
TEXAS CONSTITUTION MADE SLAVERY LEGAL, AND PEOPLE MOVING INTO TEXAS HAD THE RIGHT TO BRING IN ENSLAVED PEOPLE. ENSLAVED PEOPLE WERE GIVEN NO RIGHTS. AFRICAN AMERICAN WERE NOT PERMITTED TO LIVE IN THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS WITHOUT THE PERMISSION OF THE LEGISLATURE. AND THEIR RIGHTS TO OWN A LAND WERE RESTRICTED.
DAVID G. BURNET 1ST PRESIDENT OF THE AD INTERIM GOVERNMENT OFFICERS.

HBSF The Musculoskeletal System

Question Answer
Striated Striped (alternating light and dark bands)
Non-striated Non-striped/smooth
Electrical Excitability Is the ability to respond to certain stimuli by producing chemical signals, for example action potentials
Contractility The ability of muscle tissue to contract forcefully when stimulated by an action potential
Extensibility Is the ability of the muscle to stretch without being damaged
Elasticity Is the ability of the tissue to return to its original length or shape after contraction or extension
Muscle Fibre An organ that is composed of hundreds to thousands of cells; these cells are known as fibres because of their elongated shape
Fascia Connective tissues that surround and protect muscle tissue
Epimysium Surrounds the whole muscle
Endomysium Surrounds individual muscle fibres
Perimysium Surrounds group of muscle fibres
Tendon A cord of dense regular connective tissue that connects the muscle to the bone
Fasicle A small bundle or cluster of muscle cells
Sarcolemma The muscle fibres plasma membrane
Sarcoplasm The cytoplasm of the muscle fibre
T tubules Thousands of ting invaginations of the sarcolemma
Sarcoplasmic reticulum A fluid filled system of membranous sacs
Myofibrils Contractile elements of the skeletal muscle and extend the full length of the muscle fibre
Sarcomeres The functional unit of the myofibril
Z disc Separate one sarcomere from another
M line The centre line of the sarcomere
Myosin A motor protein that make up the thick filaments
Actin A major component of thin filaments
Troponin A regulatory protein that holds the tropomyosin strand in place
Tropomyosin A regulatory protein that prevents myosin from binding to actin
Motor neurons Neurons (nerve cells) that stimulate skeletal muscle to fibres to contract
Neuromuscular junction (NMJ) The synapse between a motor neuron and a muscle fibre
Synapse A regions where communication occurs between two neurons or between a neuron and a target cell
Neurotransmitter A chemical which allows cells to communicate with one another
Synaptic end bulb At a (NMJ), the motor neuron axon terminal divides divides into a cluster of synaptic end bulbs
Synaptic vesicles Membrane enclosed sacs within each synaptic end bulb which contain thousands of molecules of (ACh)
Exocytosis The transport of material out of a cell by means of a sac or a vesicle e.g. ACh being released from a synaptic vesicle
Acetylcholine (ACh) A neurotransmitter released at the NMJ
Motor end plate A region of the sarcolemma adjacent to the synaptic end bulbs
Acetylcholine receptors Integral transmembrane proteins that bind specifically to ACh
Sliding filament theory Thick (myosin) and thin (actin) filaments slide past each other in the presence of calcium ions and ATP
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) An enzyme that breaks down ACh into products that cannot activate the ACh receptor
Isometric Contraction Describes when the muscle develops tension but does not shorten
Isotonic Contraction Describes when the tension developed in the muscle remains almost constant
Origin The attachment of the tendons of a muscle to the stationary bone
Insertion The attachment of the other tendon to the bone
Fulcrum The point or support on which a lever turns
Lever A rigid rod that moves around a fixed point e.g. fulcrum
First-class lever The fulcrum is between the effort and the load e.g. scissors and seasaws
Second-class lever The load is between the fulcrum and the effort e.g. wheelbarrow
Third-class lever The effort is between the fulcrum and the load e.g. forceps
Antagonistic pair Skeletal muscles working together arranged in opposing pairs e.g. antagonist and agonist
Agonist Contracts to create the desired movement
Antagonist Stretches the compensate for the movement of the agonist

Stack #2642958

Question Answer
advocate to argue for
attribute caused by something else
capacious spacious
conservative favoring traditional views
forfeit to give up
humanue compassion for humans or animals
inaugurate to begin
liberal favoring progress
plausible believable
recourse having someone or something for help
renown fame
servile groveling or extremely submissive
tirade a long violent speech
ultimate final or greatest
wage to carry on , conflict

ELEC Literacy

Question Answer
Parentese When parent & child engage in singsong like conversation, the basic conventions of turn-taking are learned.
Pragmatics Deals with the conversation of becoming a competent language user. Qualities include: sustaining/initiating conversation, take turns, how to interrupt, change subjects and pick up on social cues.
Echolalia Word-like sounds
Social Register A variety of language used for particular purpose or in a particular social setting. (ex: church, school, home)
Functional Print Are words and phrases that surround the classroom that help children succeed in reading and help make the connections between words and objects.
Nativist Perspective The view that language development is a result of an inborn capacity to learn language. (think: nature, nativist)
Neurobiological Perspective The view that language acquisition can be explained by studying the structural development of the brain
Social-interactionist Perspective The view that language development is a result of both genetics and adult support.
Environmental Print Is the print of everyday life. The symbols, the signs, numbers and colors found in grocery stores, on tv, magazines, news, and the internet.
Morpheme The smallest unit of meaning in language.
Phoneme The smallest unit of sound in language. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English.
Interpersonal Oral Language Causal, the language of conversation.
a.) active listening
b.)respond, understand, & reply
Transactual Language Directions, actual info, convey information.
a.) following steps & sequence
b.) functional language
Poetic Language The literacy language, the language of imagination.
a.) books & literacy
Behaviorist Perspective The view that language acquisition is a result of imitation and reinforcement.

Stack #2642959

Question Answer
advocate To argue
attribute caused by something else
capacious spacious
conservative favoring traditional
forfeit To give up
humane compassion for humans or animals
inaugurate to being
liberal favoring progress
plausible believable
recourse having someone or something for help
renown fame
servile submissive
tirade a long violent speech
ultumate final or greatest
wage to carry on a conflict